Chemocare.com
Care During Chemotherapy and Beyond

TYKERB

(TIE-curb)

Generic name: lapatinib

TYKERB is the trade name for lapatinib. In some cases, health care professionals may use the trade name TYKERB when referring to the generic drug name lapatinib.

Drug type: TYKERB is a targeted therapy. TYKERB is classified as a signal transduction inhibitor - tyrosine kinase inhibitor, inhibitor of EGFR and HER2. (For more detail, see "How this drug works" below).

What TYKERB Is Used For:

  • Treatment of patients with advanced or metastatic breast cancer that is HER-2 positive.

Note: If a drug has been approved for one use, physicians may elect to use this same drug for other problems if they believe it may be helpful.

How TYKERB Is Given:

  • TYKERB is a tablet to be taken by mouth.
  • Tablets come in 1 dosage size, 250mg.
  • Take TYKERB exactly as instructed by your doctor.
  • TYKERB should be taken at least one hour before, or at least one hour after food (take total dose at the same time daily, dividing doses is not recommended).
  • Do not eat or drink grapefruit products while taking lapatinib.
  • If you miss a dose of TYKERB, take it as soon as you remember that day. If you miss a day, do not double your dose the next day. Just skip the missed dose. Call your healthcare provider if you are not sure what to do.
  • Your doctor may adjust your dose of lapatinib depending on how you tolerate the treatment.
  • Store TYKERB tablets at room temperature between 59o and 86o (15o to 30oC). Keep the container closed tightly, and out of the reach of children.

Side Effects:

Important things to remember about the side effects of TYKERB:

  • You will not get all of the side effects mentioned below.
  • Side effects are often predictable in terms of their onset, duration, and severity.
  • Side effects are almost always reversible and will go away after therapy is complete.
  • Side effects are quite manageable. There are many options to minimize or prevent them.

The following side effects are common (occurring in greater than 30%) for patients taking TYKERB in combination with capecitabine:

These are less common side effects for patients receiving TYKERB in combination with capecitabine:

These are rare but serious side effects of TYKERB.

  • Heart problems including decreased pumping of blood from the heart, or abnormal heartbeat can occur rarely.
  • Severe diarrhea, which may lead to dehydration.

This list includes common and less common, and severe side effects for those taking TYKERB. Side effects that are very rare -- occurring in less than about 10 percent of patients -- are not listed here. But you should always inform your health care provider if you experience any unusual symptoms.

When to contact your doctor or health care provider:

Contact your health care provider immediately, day or night, if you should experience any of the following symptoms:

  • Fever of 100.4° F (38° C) or higher, chills (possible signs of infection)
  • Palpitations or are short of breath.

The following symptoms require medical attention, but are not an emergency. Contact your health care provider within 24 hours of noticing any of the following:

  • Diarrhea (4-6 episodes in a 24-hour period).
  • Nausea (interferes with ability to eat and unrelieved with prescribed medication).
  • Vomiting (vomiting more than 4-5 times in a 24 hour period).
  • Tingling or burning, redness, swelling of the palms of the hands or soles of feet.
  • Unusual bleeding or bruising
  • Black or tarry stools, or blood in your stools.
  • Blood in the urine.
  • Extreme fatigue (unable to carry on self-care activities).
  • Mouth sores (painful redness, swelling or ulcers).
  • Unable to eat or drink for 24 hours or have signs of dehydration: tiredness, thirst, dry mouth, dark and decrease amount of urine, or dizziness.

Always inform your health care provider if you experience any unusual symptoms.

Precautions:

  • Before starting lapatinib treatment, make sure you tell your doctor about any other medications you are taking (including prescription, over-the-counter, vitamins, herbal remedies, etc.). Do not take aspirin, products containing aspirin unless your doctor specifically permits this.
  • TYKERB interacts with many common medications. Be sure to notify your doctor before starting any new medications.
  • Do not receive any kind of immunization or vaccination without your doctor’s approval while taking lapatinib.
  • Inform your health care professional if you are pregnant or may be pregnant prior to starting this treatment. Pregnancy category D (TYKERB may be hazardous to the fetus. Women who are pregnant or become pregnant must be advised of the potential hazard to the fetus.)
  • For both men and women: Use contraceptives, and do not conceive a child (get pregnant) while taking TYKERB. Barrier methods of contraception, such as condoms, are recommended.
  • Do not breast feed while taking this medication.

Self-Care Tips:

  • Drink at least two to three quarts of fluid every 24 hours, unless you are instructed otherwise.
  • Follow regimen of anti-diarrhea medication as prescribed by your health care professional.
  • Eat foods that may help reduce diarrhea (for more information see - managing side effects - diarrhea).
  • Prevention of hand-foot syndrome. Modification of normal activities of daily living to reduce friction and heat exposure to hands and feet, as much as possible during treatment with lapatinib. (for more information see - managing side effects: hand foot syndrome).
  • Keep palms of hands and soles of feet moist using emollients such as Aveeno®, Udder cream, Lubriderm® or Bag Balm®.
  • To reduce nausea, take anti-nausea medications as prescribed by your doctor, and eat small, frequent meals.
  • To help treat/prevent mouth sores, use a soft toothbrush, and rinse three times a day with 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of baking soda and/or 1/2 to 1 teaspoon of salt mixed with 8 ounces of water.
  • You may be at risk of infection report fever or any other signs of infection immediately to your health care provider.
  • Wash your hands often.
  • Use an electric razor and a soft toothbrush to minimize bleeding.
  • Avoid contact sports or activities that could cause injury.
  • Avoid sun exposure. Wear SPF 15 (or higher) sunblock and protective clothing.
  • In general, drinking alcoholic beverages should be kept to a minimum or avoided completely. You should discuss this with your doctor.
  • Get plenty of rest.
  • Maintain good nutrition.
  • If you experience symptoms or side effects, be sure to discuss them with your health care team. They can prescribe medications and/or offer other suggestions that are effective in managing such problems.

Monitoring and Testing:

You will be checked regularly by your doctor while you are taking TYKERB, to monitor side effects and check your response to therapy. Periodic blood work will be obtained to monitor your complete blood count (CBC) as well as the function of other organs (such as your kidneys and liver) will also be ordered by your doctor.

How TYKERB Works:

Targeted therapy is the result of about 100 years of research dedicated to understanding the differences between cancer cells and normal cells. To date, cancer treatment has focused primarily on killing rapidly dividing cells because one feature of cancer cells is that divide rapidly. Unfortunately, some of our normal cells divide rapidly too, causing multiple side effects.

Targeted therapy is about identifying other features of cancer cells. Scientists look for specific differences in the cancer cells and the normal cells. This information is used to create a targeted therapy to attack the cancer cells without damaging the normal cells, thus leading to fewer side effects. Each type of targeted therapy works a little bit differently but all interfere with the ability of the cancer cell to grow, divide, repair and/or communicate with other cells.

There are different types of targeted therapies, defined in three broad categories. Some targeted therapies focus on the internal components and function of the cancer cell. The targeted therapies use small molecules that can get into the cell and disrupt the function of the cells, causing them to die. There are several types of targeted therapy that focus on the inner parts of the cells. Other targeted therapies target receptors that are on the outside of the cell. Antiangiogenesis inhibitors target the blood vessels that supply oxygen to the cells, ultimately causing the cells to starve.

TYKERB belongs to the signal transduction inhibitor category of targeted therapies. It particularly interferes with the protein-tyrosine kinases; Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor (EGFR[ErbB1]) and of Human Epidermal Receptor type 2 (HER2 [ErbB2]).

Research continues to identify which cancers may be best treated with targeted therapies and to identify additional targets for more types of cancer.

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information contained in this website is meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.

Chemocare.com is designed to provide the latest information about chemotherapy to patients and their families, caregivers and friends. For information about the 4th Angel Mentoring Program visit www.4thangel.org