Care During Chemotherapy and Beyond
Hypomagnesemia (Low Magnesium)
What Is Hypomagnesemia?
Hypomagnesemia is an electrolyte
and is indicated by a low level of magnesium in the blood.
The normal adult value for magnesium is 1.5-2.5 mEq/L.
Magnesium is one of many electrolytes in your body and normal levels of magnesium
are important for the maintenance of heart and nervous system function.
What Causes Hypomagnesemia?
Your body regulates magnesium levels by shifting magnesium into and out of cells.
A shift of potassium into the cells causes hypomagnesemia.
Magnesium can be excreted by your kidneys. Any damage to your kidneys, when they
are not working properly, may cause a decrease in magnesium levels.
There are other causes of hypomagnesemia. These include:
- You may be taking in too little magnesium in your diet.
If you have stomach or bowel problems, you may not be able to absorb the magnesium
you take in.
Magnesium may not be absorbed properly due to alcohol use, diarrhea, or laxative
Increased excretion of magnesium from your body
Renal (kidney) damage - Losses of magnesium from the kidneys are a common cause
of magnesium deficit.
Certain drugs, including Cisplatin, Amphotericin B, or certain antibiotics may affect
Endocrine disorders - such as Aldosteronism, or dysfunction with the thyroid and
parathyroid glands or diabetes.
What Are Some Symptoms of Hypomagnesemia To
You may not have any symptoms, unless your blood test results show that your magnesium
levels are significantly decreased.
Muscle weakness, confusion, and decreased reflexes with severely low blood magnesium
levels. You may also notice "jerky" movements, high blood pressure, and irregular
heart rhythms with severely low blood magnesium levels.
Things You Can Do If Your Blood Test Results Indicate Hypomagnesemia:
Follow your healthcare provider's instructions for increasing your blood magnesium
level. If your blood levels are severely lowered, he or she may prescribe medications
to lower the levels to a safe range.
Take all of your medications as directed.
Drink 2 to 3 liters of fluid every 24 hours, unless you were told to restrict your
Follow all of your healthcare provider's recommendations for follow up blood work
and laboratory tests if blood test results indicate hypomagnesemia.
Drugs That May Be Prescribed By Your Doctor for Hypomagnesemia:
Magnesium supplements - This medication is given usually intravenously, to increase
your blood magnesium level, if you have severely low blood magnesium levels. You
may also take magnesium oxide in a pill form.
Calcium and potassium supplements - If you have severely low blood magnesium levels,
you may also have low calcium and potassium electrolyte levels. Your healthcare
provider may order supplements in an IV or a pill form. Magnesium, potassium and
calcium levels will not return to normal, unless all of these electrolytes are corrected.
When To Call Your Doctor or Health Care Provider About Hypomagnesemia:
- Feeling your heart beat rapidly (palpitations).
- Nausea that interferes with your ability to eat, and is unrelieved by any prescribed
- Vomiting (vomiting more than 4-5 times in a 24 hour period).
- Diarrhea (greater than 5 stools per day).
- Muscle weakness, or twitching.
- Shortness of breath, chest pain or discomfort; swelling of your lips or throat should
be evaluated immediately.
Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health care professional
about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information contained
in this website is meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute
for medical advice.
Chemocare.com is designed to provide the latest information about chemotherapy to patients and their families, caregivers and friends. For information about the 4th Angel Mentoring Program visit www.4thangel.org