Care During Chemotherapy and Beyond
Hyperlipasemia (High Blood Lipase Level)
What is hyperlipasemia?
Hyperlipasemia may be described as an excess of the pancreatic enzyme, lipase, in
the blood. High levels may indicate a problem related to your pancreas.
Digestion of your dietary intake of carbohydrates and fat, rely on the action of
the pancreatic enzyme amylase, found in the saliva, to
begin the digestion of starches. At the same time, lipase from your gastric
secretions breaks down the fats. The salivary and gastric lipases work to stabilize
fats from food while the food is being digested in the stomach.
Blood amylase and lipase levels are most frequently drawn to diagnose pancreatitis.
When the pancreas is inflamed, increased blood levels of the pancreatic
enzymes called amylase and lipase will result.
The normal lipase level is 12-70 U/L. Normal values may vary from laboratory
Causes of hyperlipasemia (high lipase levels) may
- Pancreatitis - also known as inflammation of the pancreas, can cause amylase and
lipase levels to be increased up to 3 times normal. Both values should be increased,
in order to carry the diagnosis of pancreatitis.
- Lipase may be increased in tumors of the pancreas, or stomach certain stomach conditions.
These conditions are usually painful.
- Gall bladder infection - Inflammation of the gall bladder (cholecystitis), may cause
increased lipase levels (hyperlipasemia).
- Kidney failure can cause hyperlipasemia.
- Your doctor or healthcare provider will diagnose hyperlipasemia
by drawing a tube of blood. If there is a suspicion of gall bladder, pancreas
or kidney problems, an ultrasound of the gall bladder or pancreas, or a CAT scan
of your abdomen, may also be performed.
- You may be at risk for pancreatitis if you are:
- Extremely overweight (obese)
- Have high triglyceride levels in your blood
- Drink too much alcohol
- Have been diagnosed with gall bladder stones (which may block the flow of secretions
from the pancreas to the intestines)
- Or have a family history of pancreatitis.
What are some symptoms of hyperlipasemia
to look for?
- There are often times no symptoms of hyperlipasemia, unless you develop pancreatitis
or some other condition that may cause you to have pain, nausea or vomiting.
- If your pancreas is inflamed due to pancreatitis, and your pancreas is unable to
produce insulin, you may have symptoms of diabetes. These include excessive thirst,
frequent urination, extreme tiredness (fatigue), and weight loss. This is often
- Symptoms of pancreatitis may include nausea, sweating and weakness. You may also
notice pain in the middle of your chest, which may move or radiate to your back.
Things you can do to avoid/mitigate hyperlipasemia:
- Avoiding alcohol, and taking all the prescribed medications are the primary treatments
for high blood lipase levels, if you are being followed in the outpatient department,
and you have not been diagnosed with any kind of pancreatitis. Follow all
of your healthcare provider's instructions.
- If you are diagnosed with pancreatitis, your healthcare provider may admit you to
the hospital. There, they will give you lots of fluids in your vein (IV), provide
medication to control your pain, and give you medication to control you nausea and
vomiting. You may not be able to eat at first, to give your stomach a rest, but
then you will be ordered a diet of foods that can be easily digested.
- Avoid alcohol. Alcohol use will irritate your pancreas and liver, and may cause
interactions with medications
- Follow a diet that is low in fat, low in red meat, and high in fiber.
- Make sure you tell your doctor, as well as all healthcare providers, about any other
medications you are taking (including over-the-counter, vitamins, or herbal remedies).
These can cause interactions with other medications.
- Remind your doctor or healthcare provider if you have a history of diabetes, liver,
kidney, or heart disease.
- Keep yourself well hydrated. Drink two to three quarts of fluid every 24 hours,
unless you are instructed otherwise.
- If you experience symptoms or side effects, especially if severe, be sure to discuss
them with your health care team. They can prescribe medications and/or offer
other suggestions that are effective in managing such problems.
- Keep all your appointments.
Drugs that may be prescribed by your doctor:
If you experience high blood lipase levels (hyperlipasemia),
and are without symptoms, you doctor or healthcare provider may tell you
to avoid alcohol and narcotics, and closely monitor your laboratory values and symptoms.
Medications used to aid in digestion include:
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory (NSAID) agents and Tylenol®
- such as naproxen sodium and ibuprofen may provide relief of pain related
to your inflamed pancreas.
- If you are to avoid NSAID drugs, because of your type of cancer or chemotherapy
you are receiving, acetaminophen (Tylenol®) up
to 4000 mg per day (two extra-strength tablets every 6 hours) may help.
- It is important not to exceed the recommended daily dose of Tylenol®, as it may cause liver damage. Discuss this with your healthcare
- Pancreatic enzymes - Your pancreas may not be able to produce enzymes necessary
for fat digestion. This may be due to surgery, cancers, or pancreatitis. Enzymes
are available in a pill form, such as pancrease. Taken with meals, this will help
you to digest fats. Side effects, such as diarrhea, nausea or stomach pain should
be reported to your healthcare provider.
When To Call Your Doctor or Health Care Provider:
- Nausea that interferes with your ability to eat, and is unrelieved by prescribed
- Diarrhea (4-6 episodes in a 24-hour period), unrelieved with taking anti-diarrhea
medication and diet modification.
- Abdominal pain, sweating, or fever (may be pancreatitis)
- Any new rashes - if on new medications
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