Kidney Problems

Common Kidney Problems:

Nephrotoxicity | Azotemia | Proteinuria | Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

What Is The Kidney and How Does It Function?

The kidney is either one of a pair of organs in the body that function to:

  • Maintain proper water and electrolyte balance
  • Regulate acid-base concentration
  • Filter the blood of metabolic wastes, which are then excreted as urine.

Your kidneys are located near your back, alongside your spine, but above your waistline. Each kidney contains over a million nephrons. These nephrons are necessary for proper kidney function.

The nephrons are composed of tiny blood vessels, called the glomerulus, which filter all kinds of waste products, salts, water, electrolytes and plasma from your blood stream. Each kidney is a tiny organ, weighing only 150 grams each, yet together they handle all of the filtration for the entire body.

Once the kidneys filter the excess wastes that have circulated through your body, they are then able to turn the excess waste products into urine. The urine flows out of your urethra, and out of your body.

Read More About Kidney Problems:

Nephrotoxicity | Azotemia | Proteinuria | Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)

Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health care professional about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information contained in this website about symptoms of kidney problems and other medical conditions is meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute for medical advice.

Related Side Effects

Kidney Problems has related side effects:

Clinical Trials

Search Cancer Clinical Trials

Carefully controlled studies to research the safety and benefits of new drugs and therapies.


Peer Support

4th Angel Mentoring Program

Connect with a 4th Angel Mentor and speak to someone who understands.


Social Links