Late Effects of Chemotherapy Treatments in Childhood, Adolescent, and Young Adult Cancer Survivors
Late Effects of Chemotherapy
Late effects is a term used to describe a broad range of persistent
adverse effects related to the disease process, its therapy, or both. The
onset may be unpredictable (months or years after completion of therapy).
It is estimated that while most childhood cancer survivors enjoy good health, at
least 40% have significant disabilities that affect their quality of life.
Factors Associated with the Development of Late Effects:
- location and extent of primary disease
- type and intensity of the initial treatment
age and physiological and developmental status of child at the time of diagnosis
genetic or familial predisposition that may interact with treatment-related
Categories of Late Effects:
- Physical: all systems of the body can be affected; secondary cancers
Emotional: psychological, social adjustments, and academic difficulties
- Economic: financial and uninsurability concerns and employment issues
Note: We strongly encourage you to talk with your health care professional
about your specific medical condition and treatments. The information contained
in this website is meant to be helpful and educational, but is not a substitute
for medical advice.